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Gingival recession – Gum retraction
Gingival recession is a disease where the level of the gum rises and the surface of the tooth root becomes visible, with repercussions on the aspect and functionality of the tooth.
The most frequent causes are:
- Dental malpositions, teeth located outside the arch line and the alveolar bone;
- Mobile teeth;
- Orthodontic treatments where the teeth are moved towards the outside, in narrow bone;
- Incorrectly performed dental works, which irritate the gum and favor tartar depositing;
- Periodontal disease;
- Deficient hygiene with the accumulation of tartar;
- Aggressive brushing, with incorrect movements;
- Abnormal insertions of frenula and muscles, causing gum tractions.
Effects of gingival recession:
- pain: dentinal hypersensitivity appears;
- root cavities;
- negative effect on aesthetics, due to the irregular contour of the gum and the elongated teeth, predisposed to colorations.
Treatment of gingival recession
- Removing the causing factors.
- Constant practicing, by the patient, of a correct brushing, through vertical movements, from the gums, towards the tip of the teeth
- The removal of improper prosthetic works.
- Orthodontic treatment for the alignment of malpositioned teeth.
- Finesse surgical interventions with autografts of healthy gum from other areas (e.g. the gingival mucosa covering the palate), flaps from neighboring tissue, guided tissue regeneration.